Singles and Pairs: Short Program and Freeskate:
The short program in figure skating is the first program skated in Olympic figure skating competitions. The program is shorter than the freeskating program or long program, which is the second phase of Olympic figure skating competitions.
When Olympic figure skaters compete in ice dancing, they compete in two phases.
Olympic figure skating competitors are given two scores: a technical score and program component score. The technical score is added together to the program component score and the result is the segment score. The sum of all the segment scores (the short program and the free skate or the sum of the compulosry dance and the original dance and the free dance) becomes the total competition score. The skater with the highest score wins.