"The Father of Modern Figure Skating":
The founder of the figure skating of today is Jackson Haines, an American ballet dancer and figure skater.
Place of Birth:
Jackson Haines was born in New York City in 1840.
Brought Ballet and Athletics to the Ice:
Haines was the first skater to incorporate ballet and dance movements into ice skating. His style of stating included athletic jumps, leaps, turns, and spins.
- Won first figure skating Championships of America - Troy, New York, 1864
- Invented the sit spin
- Developed a figure skating blade that was short and curved
- First to wear blades that were permanently attached to ice skating boots
Skated to Music:
Jackson Haines was the first skater to introduce the idea of performing figure skating moves with music accompaniment.
International Style of Skating:
Since Jackson Haines' style of skating was not well received in the U.S.A., he traveled to Europe to show off and teach his figure skating ideas. For a time, he lived and taught skating in Vienna, Austria. His style of figure skating became known as the "International Style of Skating."
In 1879, Jackson Haines died when he was was only thirty-nine years old. He died of tuberculosis. It is said that he was traveling from St. Petersburg to Stockholm at the time of his death. He was buried in the little Finnish village of Gamla-Karleby.
Haines' Style of Skating Lived On:
Jackson Haines' style of skating did not become popular in the United States until many, many years after his death. The first U.S. figure skating competition that included the "International Style of Skating" was held in 1914.
Skating Hall of Fame:
In 1976, Jackson Haines was inducted into the World Figure Skating Hall of Fame and the U.S. Figure Skating Hall of Fame.