An axel jump is a figure skating jump where the take-off is on a forward outside edge
. After jumping forward from that forward edge, the skater makes one and one-half revolutions in the air and lands
on the other foot on a back outside edge.
Also Known As: Axel Paulsen
Alternate Spellings: Axel jump or axel or Axel
Common Misspellings: Axle or axle
The axel jump was invented by a skater named Axel Paulsen who first performed this jump in 1882 on speed skates.
It takes time to master an axel jump. It may take years for some skaters to master an axel. Once a skater "gets an axel," double jumps usually come quite easily.
The axel and the waltz jump are the only jumps where the take-off is done from a forward edge.