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Wally Sahlin's Professional Skaters Association Training Video From 1965

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Professional Skaters Association's First Teaching and Training Video

Professional Skaters Association's First Teaching and Training Video

Copyright Professional Skaters Association

Professional Skater's Association First Teaching Video:

Figure skating coach Wally Sahlin put together the first Professional Skaters Association training video in 1965. The video was used to help judges recognize the figure skating jumps that were done in competition.

The video is a silent film made with an 8mm movie camera and is in black and white. Background music has been added. The video is available for anyone to view free of charge on the PSA Professional Skater's Association website.

Jumps Shown In Wally Sahlin's Video:

Many of the jumps shown in the 1965 video are no longer done in figure skating competitions, but skaters of today should take the time to recognize those jumps since they are/were part of figure skating history and are/were the basis for what is done in figure skating of today.

Forward Outside Edge Take Off's:

  • Waltz Jump - The skater takes off from a forward outside edge, makes a half revolution in the air, and then lands on the opposite foot on a back outside edge.
  • Outside 3 Jump - An outside 3 jump looks like a jumped forward outside three turn. The skater takes out from a forward outside edge, jumps in the air for a half revolution, and lands on the same foot he or she took off on the back inside edge.
  • Axel - An Axel jump is a figure skating jump where the take-off is on a forward outside edge. After jumping forward from that forward edge, the skater makes one and one-half revolutions in the air and lands on the other foot on a back outside edge.
  • One Foot Axel - To do a one foot Axel, the skater takes off from a forward outside edge, makes one and one-half revolutions in the air and lands on the take off foot on a back inside edge.

Forward Inside Edge Take Off's:

  • Inside 3 Jump - The forward inside three jump looks a bit like a jumped forward inside three turn. The skater jumps off of a forward inside edge, makes a half revolution in the air and lands on a back outside edge on the same foot as he or she took off from.
  • Inside Axel - An inside Axel starts on a forward inside edge. The skater jumps one and one-half revolution in the air and lands on the back outside edge on the same foot he or she took off from.

Back Outside Edge Take Off's:

  • 1/2 Loop Jump - In a half loop jump, a skater takes off from a back outside edge. After jumping a full revolution in the air, the skater lands on the back inside edge of the other foot.
  • Loop Jump - A skater takes off from a back outside edge, jumps a full revolution in the air, and lands backward on the same back outside edge from which he or she took off.

Back Inside Edge Take Off's:

  • Salchow - A Salchow is a figure skating jump done from the back inside edge of one foot to the back outside edge of the other foot. A half revolution is done in the air.
  • One Foot Salchow - In a one-foot Salchow, a skater takes off of a back inside edge, makes a full revolution in the air, and lands on the same foot he or she took off of on a back inside edge.
  • Walley Jump - A walley looks a bit like a loop jump. If a skater lands his or her jumps on the right foot, he or she would take off on a back inside edge and jump in the counterclockwise direction for a full revolution and land on a right back outside edge.

Back Outside Edge Take Off With Aid of Free Toe:

  • Half Lutz - A half Lutz jump is a simple half revolution figure skating jump. The skater enters the jump from a back outside edge. The skater then "picks" with the toe, jumps and turns a half revolution in the air, lands on other toe, and exits on a forward inside edge.
  • Lutz Jump - The lutz jump must be taken off from the back outside edge and is considered a counter-rotated jump. Many skaters set up the Lutz jump by first doing a series of powerful back crossovers into a corner of the arena. The skater then glides backward on a back outside edge, and then picks with the other skate. The skater jumps a full revolution in the air and then lands on the back outside edge of the foot that picked.
  • Split Jump From Lutz Take-Off - A split jump from a Lutz take-off starts just like a Lutz or 1/2 Lutz, but the the skater splits in the air and makes only a half revolution in the air and lands the jump just like a 1/2 Lutz.
  • Toe Loop - While skating backward on an outside edge, the figure skater picks with the other toe, then jumps a half revolution in the air and lands on the foot that did not pick. The skater should be gliding backward on an outside edge when he or she lands.
  • Mazurka Jump - A skater picks with the free toe. The other leg makes a scissor type motion forward and the skater turns in the direction of the toe that picked and jumps forward in a leaping motion. There is a cross-legged pose in the air. Both legs are straight and the toes are pointed in the air. The skater then taps the toe of the foot that leaped forward into the ice. Then, the skater lands and glides forward on the foot that was originally tapped into the ice.

Jumps Done From a Back Inside Edge Take Off With the Aid of the Free Toe:

  • Stag Jump - A stag jump is a simple half revolution figure skating jump that similar to a split jump, but the forward leg is bent at the knee. The take off is done just like a flip jump from a back inside edge with a toe pick assist.
  • Half Flip - From a back inside edge, a skater "picks" with the toe, jumps and turns a half revolution in the air, lands on other toe, and exits on a forward inside edge.
  • Flip Jump - A flip jump is a figure skating move where the skater glides backward on a back inside edge, picks with the other skate, jumps a full revolution in the air, and lands on the back outside edge of the foot that picked.
  • Flip and a Half - A skater begins this jump like a flip, but turns one and a half revolutions in the air and lands first on the toe that picked and then glides on the opposite foot on a forward outside edge to exit the jump.
  • Split Jump - A split jump is a simple half revolution figure skating jump. The familiar split position that can be done on the floor is done in the air. The jump is entered from a back inside edge with a toe assist and is landed just like a half flip jump.
  • Split Flip - The split flip is a combination of a full flip jump and a split jump. It is very, very difficult to do.
  • Toe Walley - A very similar jump to the toe loop is a toe Walley. Toe Walleys and toe loops earn the same amount of credit at ice skating events. What makes the two jumps different is the entry edge. A toe loop must take off from a back outside edge while the toe Walley's take off is from a back inside edge.

Commonly Seen Jumps That Were Done In the 1960s That Are Also Shown In the Training Video:

  • Double Salchow - A double Salchow's take off is from the back inside edge of one foot and the landing is done on the back outside edge of the other foot. Two revolutions are done in the air.
  • Double Loop - In a double loop jump, the skater takes off from a back outside edge, jumps two full revolutions in the air, and lands backward on the same back outside edge from which he or she took off of.
  • Double Toe Loop - A double toe loop jump is done with a toe assist. The skater skates backward on an outside edge, and picks with the other toe, then jumps two revolutions in the air.
  • Double Flip - A skater first glides backward on a back inside edge as he or she enters the jump, picks with the other skate, jumps two full revolutions in the air, and lands on the back outside edge of the foot that picked.
  • Double Lutz - Many skaters set up the double Lutz jump by first doing a series of powerful back crossovers into a corner of the arena. The skater then glides backward on a back outside edge, and then picks with the other skate. The skater jumps two full revolutions in the air and then lands on the back outside edge of the foot that picked.
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